A History of Mechanical Inventions - download pdf or read online

By Abbott Payson Usher

ISBN-10: 048625593X

ISBN-13: 9780486255934

"The booklet is with no peer in its field." — American Scientist
In this thoroughly revised and enlarged version of a vintage paintings within the historical past of expertise, a famous student explores the significance of technological innovation within the cultural and financial historical past of the West.
Following an introductory dialogue of where of expertise in financial historical past, the writer bargains a penetrating ancient research of social switch. inside this context he develops a thought of invention in response to Gestalt psychology and an idea of social evolution as non-stop improvement from antiquity to the current. Emphasis is put on the function of financial forces within the improvement of expertise, with clinical techniques additionally taking part in a tremendous position in bringing approximately change.
The latter a part of the ebook makes a speciality of the construction and regulate of strength typically, and specifically on a few vital operative mechanisms. hence we learn thought-provoking money owed of the expertise of cloth manufacture from primitive instances, of water wheels and windmills, water clocks, and mechanical clocks, and the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci. the improvement of printing is punctiliously studied, not just for its intrinsic curiosity, yet due to its value for the background of technology. different subject matters comprise the construction and alertness of energy (1500–1830), desktop instruments and volume construction, the construction and distribution of strength in view that 1832, and the position of Asia Minor as a resource of options which ruled the center a long time and the trendy interval as well.
Thoroughly researched and cogently reasoned, A heritage of Mechanical Inventions belongs within the library of a person attracted to the background of technological know-how and invention, in addition to the connection of expertise to financial and social history.
"Throughout the booklet there's consistent facts of the author's huge studying and sundry highbrow interests." — The long island Times

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Human evolution is doubly dynamic; man and the geographic environment react upon each other, and both terms are transformed. Broadly conceived, technology is an important part of the central core in the evolutionary process. It is an essential aspect of the accumulation of knowledge and the development of skills. It does not exhaust the field of the development of the mind, but it is a characteristic segment of the whole. If we may presume that some common principle underlies all our mental activity, technology, and most particularly the mechanical field, may possess a peculiar importance.

Even in the earliest preliterate societies tradition is never completely static. The analysis of innovation requires us to define concretely the precise nature of the continuities and the discontinuities to be found in the systems of events which constitute our history. The rapid development of the empirical method during the last thirty years makes it possible to develop techniques of historical analysis that are no longer distorted by the metaphysical and semantic problems created by the great idealistic philosophies.

Social mobility was reduced far below any level consistent with desirable changes in economic activity. Food habits were profoundly affected by the veneration of the cow, and by the attitude toward animal life. Business activity was certainly inhibited by ascetic ideals and by religious and social discrimination against trade. Specific religious beliefs undoubtedly led to less successful use of resources than would be possible under the influence of other patterns of religious thought and observance.

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A History of Mechanical Inventions by Abbott Payson Usher

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