By John R. Perry
This can be the 1st accomplished reference grammar of Tajik, the Persian of primary Asia, to seem in English. It describes the trendy literary language, with examples of colloquial and dialect utilization, from the early Soviet interval (1920s) up until eventually Tajikistan's independence after 2001. Grammatical examples, taken from various literary assets, are given in either the Cyrillic and Perso-Arabic scripts. whole verb paradigms, a grammatical index, and parallel word-indexes in either writing structures make it effortless to discover specific issues. crucial for the Iranologist and comparative linguist, for the the coed or instructor of Tajik Persian, and a useful complement should you paintings with Persian of Iran or Afghanistan. With wide indexes.
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Additional resources for A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar
Cyrillic, without the flexibility and precedent of Latin as a neutral system of notation, remains confusingly Russian-specific. Perso-Arabic, for all its etymological spelling and vowel deficiency (which can at a pinch be circumvented with diacritics), enjoys the cultural advantage of displaying in one and the same orthography the common vocabulary of its traditional kulturbund (as do, for example, English and French, with a comparable degree of disconnection between spelling and speech). There is no universally satisfactory solution; within its limitations, each of the systems displays considerable ingenuity in representing a language which defeats the scholar's best efforts to craft even a consistent transcription-cum-transliteration.
LI); these do not change appreciably in length or quality in any position. The unstable vowels, in which length and quality of articulation may vary according to the phonetic environment, are /i/, /u/ and /a/. Thus in stressed position and unstressed closed syllables (CVCC), the unstable vowels are equivalent in length to the three stable vowels: /panfr/ 'cheese', /mizgon/ 'eyelashes'; IA"mgl 'lie, untruth', /duxtar/ 'girl'; /d'gar/ 'other', /haätod/ 'eighty', as in the syllables underlined. In unstressed open syllables (seen also in three of the words above), they may be shortened and reduced to a schwa Ы or elided.
Thus in stressed position and unstressed closed syllables (CVCC), the unstable vowels are equivalent in length to the three stable vowels: /panfr/ 'cheese', /mizgon/ 'eyelashes'; IA"mgl 'lie, untruth', /duxtar/ 'girl'; /d'gar/ 'other', /haätod/ 'eighty', as in the syllables underlined. In unstressed open syllables (seen also in three of the words above), they may be shortened and reduced to a schwa Ы or elided. Further examples: /did/ '(s)he saw', /d'mog/ 'nose'; /dud/ 'smoke', /gud6z/ 'melting'; /bad/ 'bad', /tfdän/ 'body'.
A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar by John R. Perry