A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar - download pdf or read online

By John R. Perry

ISBN-10: 9004143238

ISBN-13: 9789004143234

This can be the 1st accomplished reference grammar of Tajik, the Persian of primary Asia, to seem in English. It describes the trendy literary language, with examples of colloquial and dialect utilization, from the early Soviet interval (1920s) up until eventually Tajikistan's independence after 2001. Grammatical examples, taken from various literary assets, are given in either the Cyrillic and Perso-Arabic scripts. whole verb paradigms, a grammatical index, and parallel word-indexes in either writing structures make it effortless to discover specific issues. crucial for the Iranologist and comparative linguist, for the the coed or instructor of Tajik Persian, and a useful complement should you paintings with Persian of Iran or Afghanistan. With wide indexes.

Show description

Read or Download A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar PDF

Similar instruction books

Champs algebriques (Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer - download pdf or read online

The speculation of algebraic stacks emerged within the past due sixties and early seventies within the works of P. Deligne, D. Mumford, and M. Artin. The language of algebraic stacks has been used again and again due to the fact that then, usually in reference to moduli difficulties: the expanding call for for a correct description of moduli "spaces" got here from a number of components of arithmetic and mathematical physics.

Teach Yourself Bengali (Teach Yourself Complete Courses) by William Radice PDF

Utilizing booklet and CDs, educate your self Bengali is the direction for an individual who desires to growth speedy from the fundamentals to figuring out, conversing and writing Bengali with self assurance. Bengali stands 6th on this planet in its variety of audio system, has the richest and so much constructed sleek literature in South Asia and is the nationwide language of Bangladesh and the kingdom language of West Bengal.

An Icelandic-English Dictionary, by Richard Cleasby and by Richard Cleasby, Volundr Lars Agnarsson, Gudbrand Vigfusson PDF

The main accomplished and famous previous Norse to English Dictionary. First released in 1874, this 792 web page model contains the Addendum.

Georgian : a reading grammar - download pdf or read online

This path is especially designed to educate the way to learn Georgian literature. it really is meant for novices, and begins via instructing the original Georgian alphabet and uncomplicated pronunciation. The studying and translation passages were chosen from either classical and sleek Georgian courses, and are recorded besides at the CDs.

Additional resources for A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar

Example text

Cyrillic, without the flexibility and precedent of Latin as a neutral system of notation, remains confusingly Russian-specific. Perso-Arabic, for all its etymological spelling and vowel deficiency (which can at a pinch be circumvented with diacritics), enjoys the cultural advantage of displaying in one and the same orthography the common vocabulary of its traditional kulturbund (as do, for example, English and French, with a comparable degree of disconnection between spelling and speech). There is no universally satisfactory solution; within its limitations, each of the systems displays considerable ingenuity in representing a language which defeats the scholar's best efforts to craft even a consistent transcription-cum-transliteration.

LI); these do not change appreciably in length or quality in any position. The unstable vowels, in which length and quality of articulation may vary according to the phonetic environment, are /i/, /u/ and /a/. Thus in stressed position and unstressed closed syllables (CVCC), the unstable vowels are equivalent in length to the three stable vowels: /panfr/ 'cheese', /mizgon/ 'eyelashes'; IA"mgl 'lie, untruth', /duxtar/ 'girl'; /d'gar/ 'other', /haätod/ 'eighty', as in the syllables underlined. In unstressed open syllables (seen also in three of the words above), they may be shortened and reduced to a schwa Ы or elided.

Thus in stressed position and unstressed closed syllables (CVCC), the unstable vowels are equivalent in length to the three stable vowels: /panfr/ 'cheese', /mizgon/ 'eyelashes'; IA"mgl 'lie, untruth', /duxtar/ 'girl'; /d'gar/ 'other', /haätod/ 'eighty', as in the syllables underlined. In unstressed open syllables (seen also in three of the words above), they may be shortened and reduced to a schwa Ы or elided. Further examples: /did/ '(s)he saw', /d'mog/ 'nose'; /dud/ 'smoke', /gud6z/ 'melting'; /bad/ 'bad', /tfdän/ 'body'.

Download PDF sample

A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar by John R. Perry


by George
4.1

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 10 votes