By John P. LeDonne
This is often the 1st accomplished exam of the Russian ruling elite and its political associations in the course of a big interval of nation development, from the emergence of Russia at the degree of global politics round 1700 to the consolidation of its place after the victory over Napoleon. rather than targeting the good rulers of the period--Peter, Catherine, and Alexander--the paintings examines the the Aristocracy which on my own can make their energy potent. LeDonne not just provides an entire chronological account of the advance of bureaucratic, army, monetary, and political associations in Russia in this interval, but additionally skillfully analyzes the ways that neighborhood organisations and the ruling classification exercised keep an eye on and shared strength with absolutely the monarchs.
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Extra info for Absolutism and Ruling Class: The Formation of the Russian Political Order, 1700-1825
41 In addition to sons of priests, who had nowhere else to go, townsmen applied for admission, taking advantage of the exemption from billeting soldiers given to those who entered the apparatus. Such was the case of a Saratov merchant who applied to the civil chamber and was hired as a clerk with his son. The son was promoted to the upper ranks of the secretarial staff (after The Structure of Russian Society \5 1785, everyone in grades fourteen to nine became life nobles) but did not break the barrier to hereditary status.
The patron needed clients—a full antechamber of petitioners enhanced his "honor" in the ruling elite. Clients placed in strategic positions in the central apparatus and in the provinces were a source of information, otherwise scanty in a country without a developed periodical press. The clientele did not need to be limited to members of the elite. Personal nobles were the most in need of a patron, and merchants seeking noble status had the additional advantage of being in a position to offer "gifts" as well as services.
Inspections (smotry) were made by voevodas or specially appointed boyars, and service records were kept in the Razriad, where the Moscow nobles were required to report for inspection and registration. These noble associations possessed corporate rights. They elected, often from retired nobles, a local judiciary of gubnye starosty and police officials called syshchiki, who fought brigandage and pursued runaway serfs. They also took possession of the property of nobles who died intestate. 7 The relatively peaceful world of the provincial nobility—except along the southern border, where Tatar raids were a permanent menace—was threatened Social Groups 25 by the creation after the 1650s of regiments structured after the Western model of a standing army and was shattered by the Northern War.
Absolutism and Ruling Class: The Formation of the Russian Political Order, 1700-1825 by John P. LeDonne