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By Charles N. Kurucz, Thomas D. Waite (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461364981

ISBN-13: 9781461364986

ISBN-10: 1461533929

ISBN-13: 9781461533924

The Editors have excitement in providing an additional quantity within the se­ ries to our foreign viewers. maybe the main major occasion of the passing 12 months has been the book by way of the IAEA of its examine of the prob­ lem of constant radiation defense within the lands surrounding Chernobyl. the main foreign venture undertaken in 1990 and stated in 1991 is worthy interpreting, not just for its evaluation of the way radiation security intervention will be utilized de facto in twist of fate stipulations, yet both for its account of the trendy view of the philosophy of radiation safety. a few could, even though, desire to argue that the acknowledgement by means of Iraq of its three-pronged improvement of nuclear guns in stipulations of secrecy and antagonism used to be both major and certainly as a lot a deter­ minant of the way forward for peaceable nuclear energy because the Chernobyl coincidence. however it has to be transparent that the advancements of guns and electrical energy seasoned­ duction usually are not inescapably sure jointly; the Iraqi guns software was once no longer associated with any peaceable energy development.

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5 times higher in the potable water based on bicarbonate/carbonate equilibria. This relationship was determined by summing the product of the HIGH ENERGY ELECTRON BEAM IRRADIATION OF WATER 19 concentration of the carbonate and bicarbonate ions with OB' reaction rate constants in each water, and assuming other contributions from alkalinity were minor. The reaction of the carbonate radical ion, COf', is not known for many solutes and therefore this process is considered as a loss of reactive species with no removal of solute.

Therefore, the relative contributions of reactions involving two primary species can be quite different for different types of radiation. 7. CONCLUSIONS In conclusion, we have shown that high energy electron beam irradiation is effective in removing organic chemicals from aqueous streams. A summary of the removal percentages for most of the organic compounds that have been investigated to date is presented in Table V. e. 99%). Although recent 36 CHARLES N. KURUCZ ET AL. Table V Summary of Percent Removal of Various Organic Compounds by Treatment Application Area.

KURUCZ ET AL. :::: 30 Ol ::1 20 10 Figure 9. Concentration of ethylene dibromide (EDB) irradiated at several doses using 60 co , in several aqueous solutions of varying quality, distilled water, ground water (Biscayne Aquifer, Dade County, Miami, FL) potable (tap) water (Orr Plant, Miami, FL), chlorinated secondary (waste) wastewater effluent (Virginia Key Wastewater Treatment Plant, Miami, FL). 04 ~gL-l). increasing dose. The removal was most efficient in distilled water for both compounds, and overall the removal efficiency at any dose followed the trend distilled water > ground water > potable water> secondary wastewater.

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Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology by Charles N. Kurucz, Thomas D. Waite (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)

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