By Archibald Henry Sayce (editor)
Archibald Henry Sayce (1845-1933) was once an influential orientalist and philologist. He was once a pioneering Assyriologist and released broadly at the background, faith, and literature of the Babylonian and Assyrian peoples. In 1891 he turned Professor of Assyriology at Oxford college. the traditional Empires of the East (1883) is Sayce's variation, 'with Notes, Introductions and Appendices', of the 1st 3 books of The Histories by way of the fifth-century Greek historian Herodotus, which specialise in Egypt and Persia. In his preface Sayce states that because the box of oriental reviews is 'growing day-to-day' it's the goal of his variation to 'take inventory of our present wisdom' and 'see precisely what's the element to which our researches have introduced us'. even though his translation of Herodotus was once criticised on ebook as a result of inaccuracies, Sayce's recognition as an excellent populariser of oriental philology, heritage and tradition remained intact.
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Additional info for Ancient Empires of the East: Herodotos I–III
95, may imply a closer acquaintance with the Persian language and literature upon his part than we are inclined to suppose. From what follows, however, he would seem to have had much the same knowledge of the statements of Phoenician historians as he had of those of Persia. It is possible, therefore, that Greek translators of foreign literature, like Menander of Ephesos, already existed among the Asiatic Greeks of his day. At any rate the earliest Ionic philosophers derived their doctrines from Babylonia through the medium of either the Phoenicians or the Lydians.
108), Carthaginians (iv. 43), Babylonians (i. 181-183), Skythians (iv. 5, 24), Taurians (iv. 103), Kolkhians (ii. 104), Thrakians (v. 10), Karians and Kaunians (i. 171-172), and Persians. Yet when he ventures to explain words belonging to any of these languages he generally makes mistakes and simply displays his total ignorance of them (as, for example, when giving an interpretation of the names of the Persian kings, vi. 98). In ii. 104, 105, he assumes an acquaintance with the languages of both Egypt and Kolkhis, and pronounces them to be alike—a verdict which may be put by the side of his other assertion that Egyptian resembled the chirping of birds (ii.
The coexistence of datives like At'otcriv and Qeois makes it plain that in literary documents earlier and later forms might be used together; while we cannot be sure that the earlier forms did not exist in one of the Ionic dialects even in the age of Herodotos, although unrepresented by the inscriptions we possess, or that they were not derived from the older Ionic writers, who had formed the style and literary language which Herodotos followed. Hence it is that we cannot venture to reject examples in which e does not coalesce with a following e, 17, and ei when they are supported by the united authority of the MSS.
Ancient Empires of the East: Herodotos I–III by Archibald Henry Sayce (editor)