By Philip Haythornthwaite, Bryan Fosten
The fixed troops of the Hapsburg Empire comprised the most robust forces of the Napoleonic Wars. even though, from the outset the cavalry's greater command used to be much less able than its infantry counterpart: appointments have been motivated by means of nepotism and politics, which ended in instructions usually being given to those that lacked event. The cavalry underwent many re-organisations and expansions through the wars that tried to redress those issues, and to modernise the strength as a complete. This name examines those approaches and files intimately the strategies, uniforms and kit of the Austrian cavalry, overlaying Cuirassiers, Dragoons, Chevauxlegers, Hussars, Uhlan (lancer) and auxiliary devices.
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Additional info for Austrian Army of the Napoleonic Wars: Cavalry
Not easy, but most effective if successful. An enemy force in linear formation could try to withdraw to the side, but would then be vulnerable as its side would be exposed and would not move very quickly. At the tactical level, envelopment places the enemy under severe immediate threat from front and rear, and possibly flank as well. Envelop ment has at least four cardinal advantages: the surprise factor of appearing behind the enemy, both psychological and practical (in that it will take time for the enemy to make arrangements to deal with the new threat); reinforcements and supplies are prevented from reaching the enemy; his retreat is cut off; and movement towards the enemy rear is accomplished more economically in terms of casualties and supplies as one does not have to fight through him but goes round him.
The Turks developed a powerful artillery for overcoming fortifica tions and cracking open centres of power and population. In 1453 they used it against a truly strategic target: Constantinople, the heart of the eastern Roman Empire. Charles VIII of France similarly used artillery as a strategic weapon in his campaign in northern Italy in 1494. Later, as guns became more efficient and more mobile, they became more useful as ‘tactical’, or battlefield weapons. 7 We see just the same process with the nuclear warhead, although the process accelerated.
This comprises mimicking (creating enough distinctive characteristics to give a passable replica, for example, a small group of soldiers drawn from a wide variety of units may make the enemy think they are facing a much larger formation comprising all those units in full);34 inventing completely new but false artefacts (dummy aircraft; the machines used by Zhukov to fake the sounds of tank engines in the prelude to Khalkhin Gol in 1939, for example), and decoying. Throughout military history, a prominent example of the latter has been to fake left and move right.
Austrian Army of the Napoleonic Wars: Cavalry by Philip Haythornthwaite, Bryan Fosten