By Elizabeth Shakman Hurd
In contemporary years, North American and ecu international locations have sought to legally remake faith in different nations via an unheard of array of foreign projects. Policymakers have rallied round the concept that the fostering of spiritual freedom, interfaith discussion, non secular tolerance, and protections for non secular minorities are the keys to scuffling with persecution and discrimination. Beyond spiritual Freedom persuasively argues that those projects create the very social tensions and divisions they're intended to overcome.
Elizabeth Shakman Hurd seems at 3 serious channels of state-sponsored intervention: overseas spiritual freedom advocacy, improvement counsel and country development, and foreign legislation. She indicates how those tasks make spiritual distinction a question of legislations, leading to a divide that favors sorts of faith approved by means of these in strength and excludes alternative routes of being and belonging. In exploring the dizzying strength dynamics and blurred limitations that represent kinfolk among "expert religion," "governed religion," and "lived religion," Hurd charts new territory within the examine of faith in worldwide politics.
A forceful and well timed critique of the politics of marketing non secular freedom, Beyond spiritual Freedom presents new insights into cutting-edge so much urgent dilemmas of strength, distinction, and governance.
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Extra info for Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion
Contemporary religious engagement programs are the latest in a series of American attempts to position the United States as the global guardian of free religion, and freedom in general. These include US attempts to promote “global spiritual health” during the Cold War, a USAID project intended to promote religious tolerance in Albania in the early 2000s, and contemporary religious outreach and liaison activities of US military chaplains stationed overseas. The debate over religious engagement, the chapter concludes, is not a question of whether religion can be separate from government, ignored or contained—as many separationists would have it.
Chapter 5 turns away from US foreign policy and toward international political and legal attempts to constitute and govern groups as religious minorities. Proponents of minority rights have called for urgent measures to protect the Copts in Egypt, the Ahmadis in Pakistan, and the Bahá’í in Iran, Egypt, and elsewhere as a means of securing religious diversity, shielding minority populations from discriminatory practices, and preventing religious violence. State governments, international organizations, international tribunals, and human rights advocates promote religious liberalization as the antidote to the violence and discord that is often attributed to these divisions.
To classify the Alevis as a collective subject of religious rights and freedoms guaranteed by the state and backed up by international legal instruments reinforces a tradition of Turkish secularism in which an implicit Sunni-majority state serves as the arbiter of religious identity and practice. ConClusion The construct of religion brings together a vast, diverse, and shifting set of social and cultural phenomena. 50 Religion never “left” politics or international relations but has assumed different forms and occupied different spaces under modern regimes of governance, which are often understood to be secular.
Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion by Elizabeth Shakman Hurd