Download PDF by Shahabaddine Sokhansanj, J. Richard Hess (auth.), Jonathan: Biofuels: Methods and Protocols

By Shahabaddine Sokhansanj, J. Richard Hess (auth.), Jonathan R. Mielenz (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1607612135

ISBN-13: 9781607612131

ISBN-10: 1607612143

ISBN-13: 9781607612148

With the dwindling offers of fossil fuels and growing to be issues concerning weather adjustments because of eco-friendly apartment gasses from those fuels, public opinion has swung dramatically in the direction of favoring the advance of renewable power assets. In Biofuels: equipment and Protocols, career-long specialists discover an entire diversity of equipment for bioenergy masking very important issues similar to biomass creation and supply to the biorefinery, specific biochemical characterization, in addition to biotechnological ideas for changing plant topic into fuels and chemical compounds. Time is of the essence during this box, and this quantity goals to supply path and counsel to the becoming cadre of researchers endeavoring to advance new resources of bioenergy with a superior, easy-to-use selection of tried-and-true tools as a way to store effort and time within the box and the laboratory. Written within the hugely winning Methods in Molecular Biology™ sequence structure, chapters contain short introductions to their respective issues, lists of the mandatory apparatus, fabrics and reagents, step by step, effortlessly reproducible box and laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and warding off universal pitfalls.

Timely and authoritative, Biofuels: equipment and Protocols seeks to aid scientists and engineers as they advance and optimize bioenergy applied sciences had to greatly switch the process our power destiny once possible.

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Eng. Agric. 22(3), 1–6 35. Sokhansanj, S and Turhollow A. (2004) Biomass densification – cubing operations and costs. Appl. Agric. 20(4), 495–499 36. , Cameron, J. , and Flynn, P. C. (2005) Pipeline transport and simultaneous saccharification of corn stover. Bioresour. Technol. 96(7), 819–829 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 780 1 Chapter 2 Selecting, Establishing, and Managing Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) for Biofuels 2 3 David J.

Taliaferro, C. , Freeman, K. , Wynn, K. , and Mullen, R. W. (2004) Switchgrass response to harvest frequency and time and rate of applied nitrogen. Journal of Plant Nutrition 27, 1199–1226 20. Bakker, R. R. and Jenkins, B. M. (2003) Feasibility of collecting naturally leached rice straw for thermal conversion. Biomass and Bioenergy 25, 597–614 21. Burvall, J. ). Biomass and Bioenergy 12, 149–154 22. Anex, R. , Lynd, L. , Laser, M. , Heggenstaller, A. , and Liebman, M. (2007) Potential for enhanced nutrient cycling through coupling of agricultural and bioenergy systems.

00 0 50 100 150 200 Distance (km) 250 300 Fig. 12. Transport cost of biomass using three modes of transport. For pipeline, an annual capacity of 1 million t is assumed. The major bottleneck in transporting biomass is when it is loaded onto or unloaded from transport vehicles. For example, the loading of a 36-bale truck may take 30–40 min, which is roughly the same amount of time it takes to unload the truck. , grinding) can greatly improve handling efficiencies, but the cost to reformat the biomass and final bulk densities must also be considered.

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Biofuels: Methods and Protocols by Shahabaddine Sokhansanj, J. Richard Hess (auth.), Jonathan R. Mielenz (eds.)

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