By Jean Dunbabin (auth.)
This ebook explores the turning out to be significance of prisons, either lay and ecclesiastical, in western Europe among a thousand and 1300. It makes an attempt to provide an explanation for what captors was hoping to accomplish via limiting the freedom of others, the technique of confinement to be had to them, and why there has been an more and more shut hyperlink among captivity and suspected criminality. It discusses stipulations inside of prisons, the technique of liberate open to a few captives, and writing in or approximately prison.
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Additional info for Captivity and Imprisonment in Medieval Europe, 1000–1300
The earliest descriptions of eleventh-century means of detention describe them in a very Hobbesian way as constraints on movement. They suggest that the simplest form of captivity consisted in chaining men to a beam or other heavy object which could not easily be moved. 1 The neck collar may have been a form of wooden stocks; but if so, the viscount relied on a chain to prevent the serf from absconding rather than putting his victim’s arms through holes beside his neck. The author of the story of the serf’s miraculous release regarded the 32 The Means of Detention in the High Middle Ages 33 weight of the collar and the fact that the victim was left out of doors, exposed to the hazards of the weather, as the particular cruelties of his treatment.
In Italy, both the Carolingian and the Ottonian rulers added to the Lombard law. 15 The extended codes were treated as statements of custom well into the eleventh century, and in Apulia beyond then. 17 Although no such clear link can be established for the text of the Visigothic laws, individual clauses came to be very influential in the law courts of southern France and northern Spain in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. For northern European practices of incarceration the impact of Carolingian legal reforms was more important initially than the study of Roman law.
We should not imagine most medieval French towns as peopled by displaced persons trying to repay debts. 75 In other words there were localities in which the bail offered to those of good reputation who had not been caught in flagrante delicto might be talked of as a form of imprisonment. Again, a breach of promise by the appellant or the defendant would lead to full imprisonment (which by implication was equated with death). These examples have provoked the suggestion that historians can easily exaggerate the number of persons incarcerated in castles or urban jails by counting those on bail among them.
Captivity and Imprisonment in Medieval Europe, 1000–1300 by Jean Dunbabin (auth.)