By P J Casey
Lower than Carausius and his successor Allectus, Britain for a decade (AD 286-96) completed an independence which threatened the soundness of the Roman Empire. With coastal components of Gaul additionally forming a part of the separatist dominion, the hindrance resulted in the construction of a moment tier of imperial rulers. Constantius Chlorus was once promoted to suppress the rebellion and his luck prepared the ground for his son Constantine - who used to be to exploit the province recovered through his father because the base for his personal bid for imperial popularity. His good fortune - and his adoption of Christianity because the nation faith - used to be to form the area within which we nonetheless reside. This little recognized yet outstanding episode within the heritage of Roman Britain has been brilliantly pieced jointly by means of John Casey, via a painstaking - and now and then detective-like - sifting of the literary, archaeological and numismatic proof. The latter is as wealthy because it is complicated and is gifted with an impossible to resist mix of enthusiasm and readability. What emerges is that the independence of england used to be dependent upon navel strength. those rulers managed the ocean lanes of the English Channel and North Sea in a manner that no naval strength had performed because the time of Augustus. within the aftermath of defeat, the abolition of a unified naval command lowered the Roman reaction to seaborne raiders to a reactive stategy, instead of an aggressively campaigning one. within the long-term this dramatic episode used to be to play an important, if fluctuating, half in renowned political mythology. within the centuries while insular debate used to be paramount, the rebel held its position in literary and historic dialogue, with mythical accretions freely grafted on; curiosity waned through the eighteenth century - in simple terms to be rekindled within the current century, while a revival of Carausian reviews coincided with a go back to insularity and a redefinition of political horizons.
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Additional info for Carausius and Allectus: The British Usurpers (Roman Imperial Biographies)
On the former point a guess can be hazarded from the age structure of military and imperial commands held during his lifetime. There seems, on the slight evidence available, to have been a rough age correlation between office and rank. Table 3 Age and rank of emperors 268–93. 54 44 56 58 39 35 43 Dux Illyrici Dux Orientis Dux equitum Praetorian prefect Imperial guard commander Unknown Praetorian prefect The highest offices appear to have been achieved by men in their mid-40s and 50s; both Diocletian and Maximian were relatively young and neither had achieved very high rank when they were promoted.
A milestone, the single epigraphic record of the British emperors, found at Gallows Hill near Carlisle (RIB 2291), gives a fuller version of the name by expanding the M. CARAVSIVS of the coins to MAVS CARAVSIVS (Pl. c). The abbreviation MAVS does not readily give a common Latin name and scholars have proposed an expansion to MAVSEVS or MAVSAEVS, with the latter being the more acceptable version (Birley, 1981). Thus the full titulature of the emperor would read IMPERATOR CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS MAVSAEVS CARAVSIUVS PIVS FELIX AVGVSTVS.
They evoke images of unity, stability and continuity. But they may deceive the future interpreter because they are really designed to mitigate the impact of change in a period of dynamic constitutional transition, one in which the institutions evoked by the coinage, and even the coinage itself, is in imminent prospect of being restructured within the European Union. On a broader scale in the Roman period we can see distinctive trends in the use of coin symbols over several centuries. The grandees of the late Republic used control of the magistracies attached to the production of the coinage to select types which enhanced their political status through references to the achievements of ancestors.
Carausius and Allectus: The British Usurpers (Roman Imperial Biographies) by P J Casey