By Simon Dunstan
The successor to the Chieftain from the Nineteen Sixties, paintings all started in 1976 on improvement of a brand new MBT in particular for the Iranian military, who wanted a extra able tank than the Chieftain to fit their climatic and geographical stipulations. despite the fact that, as soon as the revolution happened in 1979 the British military used to be reluctantly pressured to simply accept this new layout themselves. as soon as in provider there have been technical difficulties leading to a number of ameliorations. although, the Challenger may cross directly to nice luck within the Gulf battle, taking part in the most important roles in either wasteland hurricane and desolate tract Sabre operations. during this booklet, Simon Dunstan examines this tank intimately, comparing its functionality either at the try out diversity and within the box of conflict.
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Additional info for Challenger Main Battle Tank 1982-97
The 711th Tank Battalion had the periscope flamethrowers, but after two incidents the battalion removed the auxiliary flamethrowers. In one case, a tank was hit by Japanese artillery and a flamethrower unit exploded, killing three of the crew and wounding the other two. Another tank ran over a mine, and the fuel unit exploded. News of these incidents spread among the Army tank battalions. ” After the campaign, the Army’s XXIV Corps ordered that the auxiliary flamethrowers be removed and that main armament flamethrowers become the standard type.
A single flame tank of the 14th Armored Division was used in January 1945 during the reduction of the German pocket near Gambsheim and in one instance about 20 Germans surrendered even before the flamethrower had reached their positions. The results of this limited use were positive enough to encourage further conversion, but by February 23, 1945, only 19 had been installed. There was a surge of activity in Alsace in the late winter since the planned March 1945 offensive into the Saar was expected to encounter one of the remaining fortified belts of the Westwall, in the Wissembourg Gap area.
The flamethrower was mounted through the gunner’s telescopee opening on the left side of the gun, limiting the gunner to the use of the auxiliary periscopic gun sight on the turret roof. Production of the POA-CWS-H5 began in 1945 and the first examples were shipped to Okinawa. They did not arrive in time and were earmarked for the invasion of Japan. This type remained in service after the war with the US Marine Corps, and saw combat again in 1950 in Korea. In August 1944, the Army requested that the CWS develop a standardized main gun flamethrower on a medium tank to replace the E7-7 on the M5A1 light tank.
Challenger Main Battle Tank 1982-97 by Simon Dunstan