By Robert A. Smiley
As chemical businesses attempt to be extra aggressive on the earth economic system, it truly is crucial that their staff, together with revenues and advertising team of workers, in addition to administrative aid teams comprehend the fundamental techniques of the technology upon which the relies. The authors, who've over a hundred years of mixed event within the chemical undefined, constructed this easy-to-read ebook to supply a basic figuring out of the chemical for non-chemists and people poised to go into the chemical occupation. Designed particularly for self-study, Chemistry and the Chemical undefined: a realistic advisor for Non-Chemists reports the real facets of commercial chemistry in a manner that may be simply understood whether you haven't taken any formal chemistry classes. The authors supply a transparent, concise presentation of the major matters at the back of the chemical self-discipline besides key definitions and ideas so that you can easily receive an appreciation of the character of the and its contribution to society. even if you're not on the lab bench, you will comprehend, realize, and partake in discussions concerning the paintings being performed at your organization. Compiled in a simple and available demeanour, this booklet is exclusive in that it bridges the distance among nonscientific staff and the medical international during which they operate.The first bankruptcy starts off with an outline of the chemical undefined. It defines the most typical phrases utilized in chemistry, drawing on nonscientific analogies every time attainable. within the following chapters, the authors evaluation the thoughts and terminology of natural and inorganic chemistry, polymer chemistry, excessive quantity chemical substances, and environmental matters approximately chemical creation with each one topic offered as a picture illustration observed through an outline. eventually, there's a brief compilation of basic details resources for extra learn. Chemistry and the Chemical undefined: a pragmatic consultant for Non-Chemists will let you converse successfully inside of your company and develop into extra conversant in this very important undefined.
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Additional resources for Chemistry and the Chemical Industry. A Practical Guide for Non-Chemists
On one extreme is the zig-zag extended chain and on the other is a coil. Such spatial structures become particularly important in determining properties of very long chained compounds known as polymers (Chapter 5). fm Page 44 Friday, November 30, 2001 10:11 AM 44 Chemistry and the Chemical Industry ISOMERS Compounds with the same formula but with different structures are called isomers. H3C CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3 CH CH3 H3C C4H10 normal butane (n-butane) C4H10 isobutane (i-butane) The paraffin hydrocarbon containing four carbon atoms is called butane, but two 4-carbon (C4) paraffins are possible.
Thus, oxidation and reduction can be considered to be opposite chemical processes. ” “Hydrated” lime is calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). Properties White to grayish-white solid. Reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide. Commercial grades Commercial lime is available in lump, pebble, ground, and pulverized forms. Uses One of the oldest commercial chemicals. Used in hundreds of applications. The most important uses are for making steel and chemicals, water treatment, pollution control, pulp and paper, and construction.
So, it can share its one electron with carbon and carbon can share one of its electrons with hydrogen. Thus, four hydrogen atoms, each with one electron, can satisfy the four electrons needed by carbon. The result is a stable simple organic compound known as methane. The sharing of electrons between carbon and hydrogen is an example of atom to-atom bonding known as covalency and the two-electron bond is called a covalent bond. fm Page 39 Friday, November 30, 2001 10:11 AM Organic Chemistry 39 CARBON CHAINS Carbon atoms bond to each other to form chains, a process known as catenation.
Chemistry and the Chemical Industry. A Practical Guide for Non-Chemists by Robert A. Smiley