By James M. Bergquist
В начале девятнадцатого века Америка приняла первая "волна" (в период после независимости) иммиграции.Немцы, ирландцы, англичане, скандинавы, и даже китайские, начали прибывать в огромных количествах и оказали влияние на национальном уровне, расширение на запад, урбанизация, индустриализация.
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Additional resources for Daily Life in Immigrant America 1820-70
10 Abel searched for two years for a chance to make his living as a hand-weaver. He was employed in a factory in Pittsburgh, but left, denouncing his employer as a tyrant and a cheat. He remained optimistic, however, as he moved down the Ohio River to a job near Wheeling. ”11 In 1840 he turned up in Northampton, Massachusetts, after having apparently spent some time in New Orleans. He complained of the climate, of 28 Daily Life in Immigrant America, 1820 –1870 the lack of work, and of the “ague,” the common term for malaria.
He was particularly interested in the young state of Missouri. 2 Duden painted a romantic picture of the possibilities of emigrant farm life in Missouri: ample and productive land, a beautiful landscape, a political and social environment of freedom, and prospects of a prosperous income. Jette recalled in her autobiography that, while her husband was a highly regarded physician with an extensive and remunerative medical practice in Oelde, he was unhappy that so many of his patients were poor people who had difficulty paying for his services.
And on the farm, the immigrant who acquired land and was able to retain it and maintain a stable existence in spite of the economic cycles was generally considered a success. One can only speculate on the numbers of immigrants who found no employment, were overcome by disease, fell victim to a disabling accident, or succumbed to homelessness and despair. There are many recorded instances of immigrants who abandoned wife and family and disappeared into the vastness of the expanding country. There were also those who gave up and eventually decided to return to the mother country from which they came.
Daily Life in Immigrant America 1820-70 by James M. Bergquist